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dc.contributor.author Newcomer, Tamara A.
dc.contributor.author Kaushal, Sujay S.
dc.contributor.author Mayer, Paul M.
dc.contributor.author Shields, Amy R.
dc.contributor.author Canuel, Elizabeth A.
dc.contributor.author Groffman, Peter M.
dc.contributor.author Gold, Arthur J.
dc.coverage.spatial Maryland
dc.coverage.spatial Baltimore Ecoystem Study LTER
dc.coverage.spatial USA
dc.date.accessioned 2012-12-06T19:19:54Z
dc.date.available 2012-12-06T19:19:54Z
dc.date.issued 2012-11
dc.identifier doi:10.5061/dryad.4gk00
dc.identifier.citation Newcomer TA, Kaushal SS, Mayer PM, Shields AR, Canuel EA, Groffman PM, Gold AJ (2012) Influence of natural and novel organic carbon sources on denitrification in forest, degraded urban, and restored streams. Ecological Monographs 82(4): 449-466.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10255/dryad.44030
dc.description Organic carbon is important in regulating ecosystem function, and its source and abundance may be altered by urbanization. We investigated shifts in organic carbon quantity and quality associated with urbanization and ecosystem restoration, and its potential effects on denitrification at the riparian–stream interface. Field measurements of streamwater chemistry, organic carbon characterization, and laboratory-based denitrification experiments were completed at two forested, two restored, and two unrestored urban streams at the Baltimore Long-Term Ecological Research site, Maryland, USA. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and nitrate loads increased with runoff according to a power-law function that varied across sites. Stable isotopes and molar C:N ratios suggested that stream particulate organic matter (POM) was a mixture of periphyton, leaves, and grass that varied across site types. Stable-isotope signatures and lipid biomarker analyses of sediments showed that terrestrial organic carbon sources in streams varied as a result of riparian vegetation. Laboratory experiments indicated that organic carbon amendments significantly increased rates of denitrification (35.1 ± 9.4 ng N·[g dry sediment]−1·h−1; mean ± SE) more than nitrate amendments (10.4 ± 4.0 ng N·[g dry sediment]−1·h−1) across streamflow conditions and sites. Denitrification experiments with naturally occurring carbon sources showed that denitrification was significantly higher with grass clippings from home lawns (1244 ± 331 ng N·g dry sediment−1·h−1), and overall unrestored urban sites showed significantly higher denitrification rates than restored and forest sites. We found that urbanization influences organic carbon sources and quality in streams, which can have substantial downstream impacts on ecosystem services such as denitrification.
dc.relation.haspart doi:10.5061/dryad.4gk00/1
dc.relation.isreferencedby doi:10.1890/12-0458.1
dc.subject C:N ratio
dc.subject denitrification
dc.subject dissolved organic carbon
dc.subject grass clippings
dc.subject lipid biomarkers
dc.subject nitrogen
dc.subject organic carbon
dc.subject stable isotopes
dc.subject stream restoration
dc.subject urbanization
dc.subject urban stream
dc.title Data from: Influence of natural and novel organic carbon sources on denitrification in forest, degraded urban, and restored streams
dc.type Article *
dc.contributor.correspondingAuthor Newcomer, Tamara A.
prism.publicationName Ecological Monographs

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Title Newcomer et al. 2012 (Ecological Monographs) Organic C and Denitrification in Streams
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Description The file “Newcomer et al. 2012 (Ecological Monographs) Organic C and Denitrification in Streams.xlsx” provides original data from the manuscript. The worksheets are named to correspond with the figures in the manuscript. “Figure 4” has field measurements of nitrate and DOC loads (g ha-1 day-1) and runoff (mm day-1). We measured discharge at Spring Branch and discharge was downloaded from USGS gaging stations at the other sites. “Figure 5” was created using discharge (cfs) downloaded from USGS gaging stations and dividing it by watershed area to get runoff (mm day-1). “Figure 6” has field measurements of mean C:N molar ratios for leaves, periphyton, grass, sediment, and stream particulate organic matter (POM). “Figure 7” has field measurements of 15N and 13C stable isotope signatures for leaves, periphyton, grass, sediment, and stream POM. “Figure 8” has laboratory measurements of denitrification potentials associated with glucose versus nitrate amendments. “Figure 9” has laboratory measurements of denitrification potentials associated with the use of leaves, periphyton, and grass as a carbon source.
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